jueves, 1 de octubre de 2015

Urban October 2015 - UN-Habitat

Urban October is a time of raising awareness, promoting participation, generating knowledge and engaging the international community towards a New Urban Agenda.


Urban October was launched by UN-Habitat in 2014 to emphasize the world’s urban challenges and engage the international community towards the New Urban Agenda. This year the month of October will kick-off with World Habitat Day under the motto ‘Public Spaces For All’ and conclude with World Cities Day under the motto ‘Designed to Live Together’. 
‘Transforming our World – the 2030 development agenda’ includes Sustainable Development Goal 11, which formulates the ambition to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable - underlying the relevance of UN-Habitat’s mission. Towards the HABITAT III Conference, to be held in Quito, the SDGs should be ingrained in the way we think of cities and plan cities. Emerging from the debates at HABITAT III, the New Urban Agenda will set the agenda on how to deal with the challenges of urbanization in the next two decades. Rapid urbanization is one of the defining challenges of contemporary societies. For cities to realize the potentials and avoid the pitfalls of population and economic growth, good urban planning is critical. In many countries, unplanned city extensions and decades of car-centric urban design have created sprawling city-regions. As these unplanned areas offer few work opportunities, people and goods have been forced to travel long distances to employment opportunities, leading to congestion, pollution and a generally reduced quality of live. A lack of planning has also led to slum formation, spatial inequality and segregated communities in many contexts, exacerbating inequality and injustice and triggering turmoil and revolt. Over 61% of dwellers in Sub-Saharan Africa, 24% in Latin America and 30% in Asia occupy land informally. The lack of adequate street networks and limited and dwindling public space in cities compound further urban inefficiencies and inequalities. Planning should anticipate urban growth, as when land is already occupied and natural areas destroyed, restructuring or rebuilding it becomes a very costly and difficult process. Planning, urban design and public space structure the city, and are powerful tools to engage with these challenges. Cities of the future should be ‘designed to live together’ and urban planning is the tool that will help us accomplish this. One reason is that design of the physical environment greatly influences how people interact with each other. Broad sidewalks and commercial street frontage foster economic activity and make neighborhoods safer. Cities with small building blocks and short distances between intersections are easy to walk and navigate. And cities with quality public space invite people to come outside, communicate and collaborate with each other, and participate in public life. This is why the mission to create ‘public spaces for all’ is one of the anchors of urban planning and design. 

Descarga Guide Lines > http://mirror.unhabitat.org/downloads/docs/Urban_October_2015_Guidelines.pdf